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Antibiotics for bacterial lung infections Antiviral medication for flu Respiratory stimulants Respiratory or ventilator support The frequency of COPD exacerbations can vary depending on the person, and a variety of conditions contribute to exacerbations.
A report in PLOS One showed that patients who were older, female, had poorer lung function, had a history of exacerbations in the previous year, and who had a frequent cough with phlegm were more likely to have to have one or more exacerbations the following year.
People who experience recurrent exacerbations have a faster decline in lung function and increase their mortality risk, especially if they have to be hospitalized. Those who experience a mild flare-up will be prescribed medication at home.
Exacerbations need to be treated right away because it can take a while for someone to recover from them. Episodes caused by respiratory infections can result in increased mucus production, inflammation, and loss of lung function.
Those who have a viral illness are at an increased risk for developing a secondary bacterial infection. Outside of treatment for the flu, there are no medications that can slow a viral lung infection once it starts.
However, there are things that individuals can do to try to limit their occurrence and severity. Quitting smoking is the most important thing any person with lung disease can do to improve their medical condition and quality of life. Enrolling in a smoking cessation program can help a person who cannot quit on their own.
Prevention Other things that can help prevent exacerbations include: Keeping all regularly scheduled appointments with doctors and keeping up with medication regimens.
The influenza virus is very dangerous for people who have COPD and can cause life-threatening exacerbations and complications. The pneumonia vaccine and the whooping cough vaccine are also recommended in order to prevent these infections. Washing hands often with soap and water to minimize the transfer of viruses, bacteria, and other germs.
People with COPD can carry a bottle of hand sanitizer for a quick clean up. Getting plenty of rest. Exacerbations are more likely to occur if a person with COPD is not getting enough sleep or rest. Exercising, participating in pulmonary rehabilitation, and following a balanced diet.
Being overweight or underweight increases the risk of problems in COPD.
Avoiding pollutants and irritants. Staying away from crowded places during flu and cold season. It is important that people with COPD understand the dangers their condition poses and have a home management plan in place. Depending on their age, severity of their COPD, frequency of exacerbations, as well as other medical conditions, some people must be hospitalized.
Signs of increased severity include worsening breathing, fluid buildup in the lower legs, chest pain, no improvement of symptoms with home medications, and mental confusion. Any of these symptoms require immediate medical attention.
For people who can be managed at home, there should be clear instructions about the use of medication and treatment therapy, as well as when to call the doctor.
Some people may be prescribed supplemental oxygen therapy, which can also be used at home. The disease typically progresses faster in those who are exposed. Alongside shortness of breath, a chronic cough is a typical symptom of COPD. Other risk factors include: Indoor air pollution, which includes solid fuel used for cooking and heating Outdoor pollution Occupational dusts and chemicals including vapors, irritants, and fumes Shortness of breath is one of the most common problems that COPD patients have, but there are typically other symptoms.• Rare and undiagnosed diseases (links to organizations and research) • Coping with chronic illness • Coping with invisible chronic illnesses • Orphan drugs: the good, the bad, and the greedy • 'Right to try' laws, early or expanded access programs, compassionate use of experimental drugs (pro and con) • Managing chronic pain • Managing your health, pain, medications, and health.
Influenza is a respiratory disease with symptoms that last one to two weeks. Types of influenza symptoms include: A fever or feeling feverish (although not everyone with the flu has a fever).
Emphysema is a condition that is considered a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD. Emphysema usually occurs with with chronic bronchitis. The most common cause of emphysema is long term cigarette smoking. Often, symptoms don't appear until the disease has progressed.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and extreme breathing problems to the point of breathlessness. Diagnostic Checklists for Lyme. This page is an informational aid to answer the question, "Do I have the symptoms of Lyme Disease?" It contains two lyme diagnostic tools: a short checklist version and a longer essay version, and a candida checklist.
Order Description Bronchial hypersensitivity and asthma have several treatment approaches. Prophylactic therapy is also crucial in many patients.
Discuss the mechanisms of action of drugs used to treat asthma and COPD.