The size of minor islands has been exaggerated in this map for ease of identification. Before the early s, Taiwan was inhabited mainly by Taiwanese aboriginesbut the demographics began to change with successive waves of Han Chinese migration.
The Kuomintang KMT ruling clique retreated from the mainland to entrench in China's Taiwan Province in confrontation with the Central Government with the support of foreign forces. This is the origin of the Taiwan issue. Settlement of the Taiwan issue and realization of the complete reunification of China embodies the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation.
The Chinese government has worked persistently toward this goal in the past 50 years. Fromthe Chinese government has striven for the peaceful reunification of China in the form of "one country, two systems" with the greatest sincerity and the utmost effort.
Economic and cultural exchanges and people-to-people contacts between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits have made rapid progress since the end of Unfortunately, from the s, Lee Teng-hui, the leader of the Taiwan authorities, has progressively betrayed the One-China Principle, striving to promote a separatist policy with "two Chinas" at the core, going so far as to openly describe the cross-Straits relations as "state to state relations, or at least special state to state relations.
The Chinese government has consistently adhered to the One-China Principle and resolutely opposed any attempt to separate Taiwan from China. The struggle between the Chinese government and the separatist forces headed by Lee Teng-hui finds its concentrated expression in the question of whether to persevere in the One-China Principle or to create "two Chinas" or "One-China, one Taiwan.
We deem it necessary here to further explain to the international community the Chinese government's position and policy on the One-China Principle.
The Basis for One China, de Facto and de Jure The One-China Principle has been evolved in the course of the Chinese people's just struggle to safeguard China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and its basis, both de facto and de jure, is unshakable.
Taiwan is an inalienable part of China. All the facts and laws about Taiwan prove that Taiwan is an inalienable part of Chinese territory.
In Aprilthrough a war of aggression against China, Japan forced the Qing government to sign the unequal Treaty of Shimonoseki, and forcibly occupied Taiwan. In JulyJapan launched an all-out war of aggression against China.
In Decemberthe Chinese government issued the Proclamation of China's Declaration of War Against Japan, announcing to the world that all treaties, agreements and contracts concerning Sino-Japanese relations, including the Treaty of Shimonoseki, had been abrogated, and that China would recover Taiwan.
On October 25,the Chinese government recovered Taiwan and the Penghu Archipelago, resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Taiwan.
On October 1,the Central People's Government of the PRC was proclaimed, replacing the government of the Republic of China to become the only legal government of the whole of China and its sole legal representative in the international arena, thereby bringing the historical status of the Republic of China to an end.
This is a replacement of the old regime by a new one in a situation where the main bodies of the same international laws have not changed and China's sovereignty and inherent territory have not changed therefrom, and so the government of the PRC naturally should fully enjoy and exercise China's sovereignty, including its sovereignty over Taiwan.
Since the KMT ruling clique retreated to Taiwan, although its regime has continued to use the designations "Republic of China" and "government of the Republic of China," it has long since completely forfeited its right to exercise state sovereignty on behalf of China and, in reality, has always remained only a local authority in Chinese territory.
The formulation of the One-China Principle and its basic meaning.
On the day of its founding, the Central People's Government of the PRC declared to governments of all countries in the world, "This government is the sole legitimate government representing the entire people of the People's Republic of China.
It is ready to establish diplomatic relations with all foreign governments that are willing to abide by the principles of equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty.
One principle governing New China's establishment of diplomatic relations with a foreign country is that it recognizes the government of the PRC as the sole legitimate government representing the whole of China, severs or refrains from establishing diplomatic relations with the Taiwan authorities.
These propositions of the Chinese government met with obstruction by the U. On January 5,the U. President Truman issued a statement, saying that the U. China has evolved the One-China Principle precisely in the course of the endeavor to develop normal diplomatic relations with other countries and the struggle to safeguard state sovereignty and territorial integrity.
The above propositions constitute the basic meaning of the One-China Principle, the crucial point being to safeguard China's sovereignty and territorial integrity. During the 30 or 40 years afteralthough the Taiwan authorities did not recognize the legitimate status of the government of the PRC as the representative of the whole of China, they did insist that Taiwan is a part of China and that there is only one China, and opposed "two Chinas" and "Taiwan independence.
You agree with us on this point, as indicated in your leaders' proclamations.Jun 13, · Panama cut ties with Taiwan on Tuesday, switching its diplomatic relations to the People's Republic of China and accepting the "One China" policy.
"The Government of the Republic of Panama recognizes that there is only one China in the world," the joint statement said. There has always been the promise by Taiwan to reunify with the mainland, but no real, concerted effort has ever been made.
This and the actions of the United States on behalf of Tai It looks like you've lost connection to our server. II.
The One-China Principle--the Basis and Prerequisite for Achieving Peaceful Reunification The One-China Principle is the foundation stone for the Chinese government's policy on Taiwan. The One-China Policy: State, Sovereignty, and Taiwan’s International Legal Status examines the issue from the perspective of international law, also suggesting a peaceful solution.
The book presents two related parts, with the first detailing the concept of the State, the theory of sovereignty, and their relations with international law. The PRC's One-China policy rejects formulas which call for "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan" and has stated that efforts to divide the sovereignty of China could be met with military force.
The PRC's One-China policy rejects formulas which call for "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan" and has stated that efforts to divide the sovereignty of China could be met with military force.